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The cinder block, the basic building material, explanations

The cinder block, the basic building material, explanations

The breeze block is one of the most used building materials in masonry. Because of its good value for money and ease of installation including. From the load-bearing walls to the facades, the cinder block is very popular for quick and economical constructions.

What is the breeze block?

The breeze block is a hollow material with a porous structure, the shape of a parallelepiped, used for the construction of walls and buildings. It makes it possible to constitute the skeleton of the constructions. The dimensions of a standard breeze block are of the order of 20 cm in length, 50 cm in width and 25 cm in height. The thickness of the block varies depending on the use that we want to make. Assembled together by a mortar (mixture of cement, sand and water), the blocks make it possible to erect constructions very quickly and very easily.

Description of the different types of concrete blocks

The ordinary breeze block is made of cement, gravel, sand, chippings and is covered with plaster or plaster. Other blocks also include insulating materials such as expanded clay, shale or pumice and another type of block is also made of siliceous sand, plaster, aluminum powder or lime. There are several major types of blocks.

The hollow block

The hollow block is the most common block. It is used to build simple walls. It has the particularity to be honeycombed and to have hollow ends to facilitate the realization of the joints. The hollow block can be cut one third or two thirds to be used.

The corner block

Also called “post block”, the corner block is honeycombed but it also has a hole, square or round, and flat ends. It is pierced to receive the vertical chaining of a wall, composed of strands of steel, which serves to “stiffen” the building. The corner block can be cut to one-third.

The breeze block lintel

This block is dug in the shape of “U” to be able to receive a lintel or the horizontal chaining of a building.

The breeze block

This type of block is used for the realization of corners or frames of window or door bays.

The concrete block (or perforated)

It is a heavy and dense cinderblock, more particularly intended for the realization of basements and basements of buildings. The solid block ensures a solid construction.

The breeze block to plug

The plug-in block is an “H” shaped block used to build the retaining walls. Equipped with cells, the concrete is poured directly into the breeze block.

The planinal block

This small block of thin thickness is intended to be placed at the intersections of floors and masonry to hide the ends of the floor and chaining.

What uses can be made of cinderblock?

The blocks are mainly used in masonry. With this material, it is possible to build partition wall walls, facade walls, fence walls, etc. The block is also used to build the foundations of a building or a house or to build pillars.

Advantages and disadvantages of this material

The advantages of the breeze block

If the cinderblock meets a great success in the construction sector, it is primarily for its great longevity. This material is indeed very resistant to wear and weather and it ensures buildings and houses built in blocks have a very long life. The cinderblock is also appreciated for its ease of installation and its solidity. It allows to erect structures particularly resistant to severe weather or earthquakes for example. The block also has the advantage of being incombustible, and therefore to withstand fire well. Finally, the breeze block is a material that does not cost much. Composed mainly of natural materials, the breeze block is 100% recyclable.

The disadvantages of the breeze block

The breeze block has two main disadvantages. The first is its lack of performance in thermal and sound insulation . A building made of concrete blocks necessarily requires the additional laying of insulation. On the other hand, the block is a rigid material that does not allow the realization of structures with complicated architecture.

How much does the block cost?

There are as many cinderblock prices as there are types of this material. Its cost also depends on its thickness. The first price of a block starts at around one euro to 5 euros for the best blocks. Note: it takes about 10 blocks to get 1 m² of surface

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